名师谈写作 | 高中生如何写好概要写作?(附写作思路与分析)

名师谈写作 | 高中生如何写好概要写作?(附写作思路与分析)

【任务呈现】 阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

Education is generally defined as the process of learning and acquiring information. Formal learning in a school is one of the most common types, though self-teaching and so-called “life experiences” can also be included. Communities around the world place a high value on educating people of all ages, whether formally or informally. It is widely believed that constant exposure to new ideas and skills makes people better workers, thinkers, and societal contributors.

When it comes to education, most people would think of schools and classrooms where trained teachers present information to students. Classroom learning generally starts when a child is relatively young and continues until the teenage years. The purpose of most classroom learning is not to prepare a child for a specific job, but rather to help him or her develop critical (批判的) reasoning and thinking skills. Reading, writing, and maths are very common lessons for young learners. As students progress in their schooling, they often come into contact with more challenging subjects like history and advanced sciences.

Different countries place different emphases on education, though schooling is a must for young children almost everywhere. Requirements are usually based on the belief that an educated person is best suited for advancement, both internally and internationally. In most places, childhood schooling is offered free of charge and university training in some places is also funded by the government.

Exposing students to new ideas and important facts is only part of most educational goals. Students are also expected to keep most of what they learn in their memory if not all of the information that they learn in school. Teachers and professors commonly use exams to measure learning. Standardized tests are one of the most popular ways of driving curricula (课程) and lesson planning throughout the world. These sorts of tests help make sure that all students are learning the same basic things, no matter who their teacher is or where they attend school.

【写作思路与分析】此题要求根据所给短文进行概要写作。概要写作需按一定的步骤进行,合理的步骤能确保顺利完成写作任务。本文按如下步骤展开:

步骤一:浏览全文,了解短文大意

首先,应通读短文,理解短文大意。本文是一篇说明文,分为4个段落,主要介绍了 教育的定义及形式、各国政府对教育的重视 以及狭义的教育,即学校教育(课堂学习) 的目的以及对教育评估的意义。

步骤二:细读文章,找出关键信息

找准文章关键信息是概要写作最重要的前提和依据。罗列关键信息可以避免遗漏重要内容。

Para. 1: the definition and classification of education

Para. 2: the purpose of classroom learning

Para. 3: the importance attached to education

Para. 4: the meaning of assessment education

步骤三:陈列概写要点,整合要点成句

这个环节要求把每个段落的关键信息形 成合理的句子。关键信息形成合理的句子后 才能整合成篇章。合理的语言结构和句型能 够帮助浓缩语言内容。

具体如下:

(一) 要点陈列:

1. Education refers to the acquisition of information.

2. Education has different forms.

3. People can receive education in a formal

or an informal way.

4. Education is significant for both a person and our society.

5. Classroom learning aims to promote students’ thinking skills.

6. Great importance is attached to education throughout the world.

7. Exams are used to assess how well students perform academically. 8. Standardized tests make sure all of the students learn the same things.

(二)整合成句: 使用定语从句并用介词短语作状语,

将要点1-3整合为:

Education, which has different forms, refers to the acquisition of information in both formal and informal ways.

要点4和要点6存在因果关系,整合为:

Education is significant for both a person and our society, so great importance is attached to education throughout the world.

要点5保留,单独成句。 使用并列句将要点7-8整合为:Exams are used to assess how well students perform academically and standardized tests make sure all of the students learn the same things.

步骤四:连句成篇

Education, which has different forms, refers to the acquisition of information in both formal and informal ways. Education is significant for both individuals and our society; therefore, throughout the world, governments attach great importance to education for all age groups. Classroom learning, a main form of formal education, aims to promote students’ thinking skills. Usually, exams are used to assess learners’ academic performance while standardized tests guarantee they have the equal access to fundamental learning materials.

未经允许不得转载:宝典作文网 » 名师谈写作 | 高中生如何写好概要写作?(附写作思路与分析)

赞 (0) 打赏

觉得文章有用就打赏一下文章作者

支付宝扫一扫打赏

微信扫一扫打赏